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By Christina Xia
Japan is trying to get 1000 regional jet market share, and two new aircraft attempting to enter the international market, large aircraft
Japanese industry has been the aviation industry as an important economic growth, while regional jets to 100-level breakthrough in the field of civil aircraft led the development of the aviation industry, cultivate civil aircraft industries, for the future lay the foundation for the further development of civil aircraft; the other hand, to successful development in recent years, the two major types of military aircraft, based on trying to tap the potential of military large civil aircraft, large aircraft seeking to enter the international market as soon as possible.
“World War II”, the Japanese aviation industry has long maintained mainly by order of military products production capacity and R & D team. Aviation industry running in a semi-planned economy, state defense order is basically the major province of the “rotation dominate” means assigned to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Kawasaki Heavy Industries and a few large enterprises. However, the new century, Japan’s civil aviation industry “big aircraft,” outsourcing has expanded the space to subcontract the production-based rapid increase in civilian production, to 2008, Japan Airlines has been the first time, civilian over military production output.
In this situation, for the further integration of the aviation industry, breaking the self-development of the “Big aircraft” bottleneck, the Japanese government in 2003 proposed a new regional jet project, and announced that the state will provide half of the development funding. Since then, companies headed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to get the project team, and set up special “Mitsubishi aviation” company responsible for model development, production and sales.
According to the Japanese side is estimated that over the next 20 years, the world 100 the following regional jet market up to 4000 ~ 5000, while the MRJ’s goal is to get one 1000 order, in accordance with the MRJ aircraft to 40 billion yen of 30 stand-alone price. This means that 3 to 4 trillion yen in the machine market, “cake”, a huge aftermarket. In contrast, the Japanese aviation industry in 2009 in the civil aircraft manufacturing machine parts, but the output value of about 300 billion yen.
In addition to traditional aviation industry enterprises, Honda and Toyota, these “outsiders”, have also tried in the aviation field “piece of the action.” Honda launched its own small aircraft project, and has begun test flights, but Toyota MRJ project was funded 10%. This large number of companies active in different areas flock to the situation of the aviation industry, in the previously unimaginable.
Currently, MRJ project has received 125 orders, of which Japan order 25, the American Enterprise orders 100. In addition, the Japanese government may purchase a number of the aircraft as the executive jet. The aircraft is expected to begin delivery in 2014, since 2015 to reach 5 to 6 per month production rate. According to estimates, MRJ project as long as the sale of 350 ~ 400, you can break even. Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation has started construction in Aichi, Japan MRJ aircraft assembly plant, with a total investment of 500 billion yen.
In the fast-advancing regional jet project, while Japan also pay attention to the civilian plane to explore the potential of large-scale military, trying to two new military aircraft based on the development of civilian models, large aircraft attempting to enter the international market as soon as possible.
In 2000, Japan’s Ministry of Defense made a large transport aircraft and large anti-submarine patrol aircraft program. The project is Japan’s leading aviation manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries received. After 10 years of development, based on this project two types of aircraft – C-2 type transport aircraft and the P-1 anti-submarine patrol aircraft have been completed and development began to troops. One, C-2 type transport aircraft maximum take-off weight of 141 tons, with the common international transport aircraft Il -76 compared to its take-off weight of slightly smaller, less load is about one-third. P-1 patrol aircraft take-off weight was 80 tons, in line with performance standards for large aircraft.
It is worth mentioning that the two aircraft have developed from the design contract to complete the delivery of the SDF, only about 10 years. Two types of aircraft, airborne equipment are mostly made in Japan, P-1 aircraft also used the Japanese-made self-developed engine, which fully demonstrates the technical R & D capabilities in Japan and the industrial level.
Upon completion of the two types of aircraft development, the Japanese economic and Industry, Ministry of Defense, and Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the company has begun to demonstrate the development of civil aircraft on the two major aircraft type, so as to enter the domestic or international large aircraft market. Kawasaki Heavy Industries plans to C-2 type transport aircraft to carry large cargo special civil transport aircraft, the P-1 patrol aircraft to 125 medium-sized aircraft.
According to “Japan Aircraft Development Association,” the calculation, the next 20 years, the international market demand for particular large civil transport aircraft is about 200. If the Japanese-made cargo plane in time into the market, will likely get a share. In this way one can bypass the “three principles of arms exports”, on the other hand can be a substantial increase in aircraft production, reduce the average cost, equipment cost savings benefit the SDF.
In Japan, the development of large aircraft, the full expression of national will and a clear government guidance color. Government funding not only from the strong support of the project also helped develop the market. On the other hand, MRJ aircraft currently only in Japan, “ANA” Company Order 25, the order to a certain extent reflect the will of the government. Government “water shed” is conducive to MRJ project’s success.
In addition to the major resources into a “national team”, the Japanese Government also supports other companies developing similar projects on their own to as a competitive and backup, such as Kawasaki Heavy Industries in the P-1 patrol aircraft developed on the basis of the 125 aircraft project. In addition, Fuji Heavy Industries and Honda’s development of small enterprises such as aircraft move, the Japanese government have taken an encouraging attitude.
Overall, Japan’s national will, financial support, technical basis, market experience and public opinion and so on, indeed have the conditions for the further development of the aviation industry. If the MRJ project a commercial success, the two types of large aircraft, civilian-military able to enter the international market, the Japanese aviation industry will achieve a significant “qualitative change.”
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